Editor’s Introduction

Graham M Smith

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Smith, G.M. (2020)  AMITY: The Journal of Friendship Studies (2020) 6:1, 1-2. doi: 10.5518/AMITY/28


Over the past three decades interest in the study of friendship has been steadily growing.
This growth has been in all directions. Temporally studies can be found focusing on
friendship from the earliest societies to contemporary times (perhaps there is even room
for imaging friendship in the future). Geographically studies have focused on friendship
in numerous locations across the globe, spanning not only geography but also culture.
In terms of the location of friendship, studies have looked at pairings such as the dyad to
the network of relations that transverse the globe. Friendship has been shown to connect
the personal and the political. Conceptually, the kinds of entities that are capable of
friendship have been expanded from the human to include groups, states and perhaps
even animals. Furthermore, analysis has been undertaken on how the language of
friendship changes the structure, expectations and possibilities of the world, both
descriptively and normatively.
Within this context AMITY has always welcomed work that diversifies the study of
friendship. Friendship cuts across cultural, ideological, disciplinary, and methodological
approaches. It is inherently plural and is perhaps best understood not only as a topic or
site of investigation, but as a kind of question: how are we to understand what binds person
to person, group to group? Friendship is the investigation and theorization of horizontal
ties of affinity, concern, and action. To think about friendship is to re-engage that sharing
and basic connectedness which provides the fabric onto which the social, cultural,
religious, and political world is woven. Without friendship – without the bonds between
person and person – no recognisably human world is possible. This question can be
addressed by a number of disciplines, ideologies, and from numerous cultural
perspectives. It also tends to fuse, merge, and blur all of these ‘neat’ distinctions. It can
be considered analytical, normative, or empirical and most likely a mix of all three. In
times when the connective tissues of societies are said to be wearing thin, or actively
being torn asunder, the question of friendship seems as relevant and as vital as ever.
What resources does friendship provide to repair and maintain what is valuable; and what
resources does friendship provide to help weave something new?
In this respect it is perhaps worth reflecting upon, and re-emphasising, two of the
aims of the journal as a whole – and some hopes for what the study of friendship can
entail. Importantly, it is hoped that in the pages of AMITY work is presented which locates
friendship ‘within and across states, cultures, traditions, and histories, welcoming
Editor’s Introduction 2
AMITY: The Journal of Friendship Studies (2020) 6:1, 1-2
contributions that explore friendship from plural vantage points, and from diverse
societies around the globe’, and that the work also helps to ‘to inform and moderate
current ideas about the state as power and politics as hierarchy’. These two aims are not
simply coincidental but they belong together. The sheer diversity of friendship indicates
the possibilities for alternative societal formations than those which have become
hegemonic today. Whilst there is no doubt that friendship can act as a conservative force,
its potential connects it to resistance, diversity, solidarity, equality, and justice.
Importantly, as much work has shown, the study of friendship also has great potential to
amplify and build-up and build-out from the local and personal interactions that form the
politics of everyday life towards helping to shape something productive for the wider
In recent volumes of AMITY these aims have been embraced and enlarged. There
is increasing and welcome attention on understandings, forms, and practices of friendship
which exist beyond the Western paradigm which has occupied much of scholarship in
English, and AMITY continues to encourage and promote this work. This is crucial to
realising the global potential of friendship not just as a site of study but also – perhaps –
as a site of political praxis and change.

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